The J. G. Brill Company
Twelve (12) 47' 10" Centre Entrance Vestibule Motor Bodies
Mounted on Brill Patented #27 MCB 2 X Trucks
Philadelphia & West Chester Traction Company,
Philada., Pa., March 9th 1925.
S P E C I F I C A T I O N S
Twelve (12) 46 ft. 6" Centre Entrance Motor Car Bodies
mounted on Brill Patented #27 MCB 2 X Trucks
Philadelphia & West Chester Traction Co., Philadelphia, Pa.
Length of car body over vestibules.......................................46' 6"
Length or car body over bumpers..........................................47' 10"
Length of wheel base of trucks........................................... 6' 1"
Length of transverse seats............................................... 37"
Width of car body over posts............................................. 8' 7"
Height from rail to top of floor......................................... 3' 8-1/4"
Height from top of floor over trolley boards............................. 8' 9-1/4"
Height from rail to top of trolley boards................................12' 5-1/2"
Truck centers............................................................27' 9"
Centre to centre of side posts........................................... 2' 5"
Diameter of wheels....................................................... 33"
SEATING CAPACITY.............................62 Passengers.
2. CENTRE ENTRANCE
Length of centre entrance to be 6 ft. 9". Each side of centre entrance to be provided
with sliding doors in two sections, each section to slide back into body of car. Lower
portion of each of the doors to be paneled with cherry panels and upper portion of doors
to be glazed with double strength American glass, the glass to be divided into two vertical
Doors to be arranged to be operated by a suitable pneumatic mechanism, manually operated by
the conductor and the mechanism to be of the National Pneumatic Company's make, which is
to be furnished and installed by Car Builder. The door mechanism to be furnished and installed
by Car Builder to include the necessary conductor's stand, to be located at centre of centre
platform and also the necessary operating levers. Door engines to be mounted on base plates
so they will rest more solidly on the floor and made more easily removable. Door engines to
be synchronized in such a way that they will work in unison and to make it impossible for
either door to open except in combination with the other door and step. The step mechanism
to be substantially constructed same an on last care furnished. The door rollers to be
arranged for easy access for means of lubrication. Jack shaft at centre door to be of the
same length as on last cars furnished and securely braced by a brace, which is to be secured
to some part of the underframe. Centre doors to be provided with chafing strips to prevent
folding seat locks from chafing the wood work of doors.
Chains to be provided across the exit doors, four chains per car and chains to be provided
with snaps instead of hooks.
The National Pneumatic Company's safety door control to be the same as on last ten cars built for Railway Company.
Thirteen windows to be placed on each side of car, arranged in six and one half pairs.
Shape of window heads to be oval. Windows to be provided with double sash, the lower sash
to be arranged to raise vertically and upper sash to be arranged stationary and to extend
across the space of two lower sash and to be located directly on the outside of the T posts,
the top being held in position by the water table at bottom of letter panel und the bottom by
a metal clip bolted to the T posts. Windows to be provided with metal sash stiles, beveled to
fit in spring brass post casing which surround the T posts. The post casings to be of spring
brass .03l" in thickness. Post casings to be painted and stippled to match the interior
finish of car. Lower sash to be provided with the necessary lifts but no locks to be used.
Lower sash rails to be of cherry and upper sash to be glazed with green Florentine glass
and lower sash to be glazed with double strength American glass, set in felt and screwed in
position with putty along the lower edge and 2" up each side.
Each end of car to be enclosed with a round end vestibule sheathed on the outside below
windows with 3/32" sheet steel and on the inside below windows with #20 sheet steel.
Each vestibule front to be provided with three windows and each of the windows to have a
single sash, the centre and right hand vestibule windows at each end of car to drop and to
be provided with racks to hold the sash at various heights. Left hand vestibule sash is not
to drop lower than within 11-1/2" of window sill.
Vestibule sash to be made of cherry and centre and right hand vestibule sash at each end of
car to be glazed with double strength American glass and the left hand vestibule sash at each
end of car, to be glazed with "SAFTEE" glass.
5. BOTTOM FRAME
Bottom frame of car to be of steel construction throughout. The side sills to consist of
6" X 3-1/2" X 5/16" angle, with the long leg horizontal. At bolster, the side sill to be
reinforced with a 6" X 3-1/2" X 3/8" angle to relieve the strain on the horizontal leg of sill
Crossings to consist of 4" 5.25# rolled steel channels, extending the full width of underframe
between side sill angles and to be securely gusseted thereto.
Stringers, two per car, to consist of 6" 10.5# rolled steel channels, extending the full length
of car and to be securely attached to bumper channel and to be reinforced to compensate
for loss of strength in buffing due to ramp.
Each end of car to be provided with a 6" 10.5# rolled steel channel bumper.
Each end of car to be provided with a 7" 10.28# section of Hedley anti-climber, to extend the
full length of bumper.
Bolsters to be of the "BUILT UP" type, the top member to consist of a 9" X 7/8" and the lower
member to consist of a 9" X 1" plate of fire box steel.
Each end or car to be provided with a bumper shield of #16 sheet steel.
Body flooring between aisle and sides of car to be in two layers, laid lengthwise with
building felt between, the top layer to be of 5/8" hard maple and bottom layer to be of 13/16"
yellow pine boards and both layers to be tongue and grooved, closely laid, nailed and screwed
to fillers. All end joints and tongues and grooves to be thoroughly white leaded before
securing to bottom frame. Flooring in aisle to be in one layer, laid lengthwise of car and to
consist of yellow pine 13/16" in thickness. Platform floor to be on the same level as the
floor in the main body of car.
Floor mat strips to be provided, to extend the full width of aisle and to be of hard maple
5/8" wide at top, 3/4" wide at bottom, and spaced 5/8" apart at bottom and secured lengthwise
to floor. Floor mat strips in aisle to be laid along side of and between the full length
Two strips of KASS safety tread to be placed down centre of each aisle.
Flooring to be ramped 3" from a point near bolster to centre platform, the centre platform to
be ramped 1 inch each way towards the steps, as per Brill Blue Print 11-L-757.
Sweeping strips to be arranged at ends or all floor mat strips.
7. BODY FRAMING
Side posts to consist of 1-1/2" X 2" X 3/16" to 1/4" tees, extending from side sill to top
rail and securely riveted to both. Belt rail to consist of a 3" X 1/2" steel covered with #16
pressed steel window sill capping, extending down 2-1/4" on the outside of the posts.
Top rail to consist of a 2-1/2" X 2-1/2" X 1/4" rolled steel angle, extending the full length
of car body and to be securely riveted to the top or each post.
Letter panel to consist or 3/32" steel, riveted at the top to top rail angle, and having the
lower edge pressed to form a drip moulding.
Vestibule posts to consist of 1-1/2" X 2" X 1/4" rolled steel tees, encased with wood and
grooved to form runs for vestibule sash.
Body corner posts to consist of 1-1/2" X 2" x 1/4" rolled steel tees, covered with steel.
Side sheathing of car to consist of 3/32" sheet steel, extending from bottom of side sill
angle to belt rail and securely riveted to both.
Roof to be of the plain arched type, extending the full length of body and supported by 3/32"
pressed steel "U" shaped rafters, extending the full width of roof between top rails and
provided with projecting flanges on each side post and inside of each rafter, there is to be a
wooden strip 7/8 X 1-1/2" secured in position with #12 round head wood screws through the
bottom of the pressed steel rafter. This strip is to be used for securing the roofing.
Roof boards to be of 1/2" poplar and roof boards to be applied so that the joints will not
show after the canvas has been applied and roof painted. Roof boards to be thoroughly painted
before the canvas is applied. Roof boards to be covered with #8 canvas.
Hoods to be covered with poplar boards and the boards in turn to be covered with canvas and
treated in the same manner as main roof of car,
Edge of hoods, at each end to be protected from wear of trolley rope by half round guard
securely fastened to hoods.
Gutters to be placed on each side of car on roof over the centre
entrance doors and also over the sliding motorman's doors at diagonal right hand corners of
car. Gutters to be made of wood and arranged to prevent water dripping down on the steps and
to have the proper pitch so they will conduct water off the roof over the doors.
Each end or car to be provided with a trolley hook to hold down the idle trolley and a
suitable guard to prevent trolley pole coming in contact with the roof,
Car builder to furnish and Install six RAILWAY UTILITY COMPANY'S centre roof ventilators,
and ventilators to be complete with ceiling registers and shutters, to close or open as may
10. SEATS & BACKS
NINE (9) Brill WINNER seats to be placed on each side of car with shaped backs. Transverse
seats to be 37" long and to have pressed steel aisle and wall plates and pressed steel
pedestals and to have a bronze grab handle recessed into the corner of the backs, the aisle
width to be 24-1/4 ins. The transverse seat backs to have rods through the lower edge.
A longitudinal seat is to be placed on each side of car next to centre platform. Also a
transverse seat, with stationary back, is to be provided on each side of car against the
motorman's cab. Also a stationary seat is to be provided against the vestibule window on
left hand side of motorman's cab at each end of car. Seats and backs to be of spring covered
Longitudinal folding seats of cherry slate to be provided on each side of centre entrance,
reinforced on bottom with 2" X 1/8" plate. Seats to have spring device to prevent them
dropping when not in use. Also an improved lock for holding these seats to be provided.
Seating arrangement to be the same as on the last ten cars furnished the Railway Company,
The end casting at hinged end of hinged seats at centre doorway to be made semi-circular in shape so
as to give a greater bearing and to facilitate securing to the bottom of hinged seat with more
screws or bolts. The casting at each section of hinged seat at direct centre of car is to be
of the same length as on last cars furnished the Railway Company, so as to give more bearing
underneath the seat.
Car Builder to furnish and install a P. R. T. standard type of folding seat, located on
centre platform, and this seat to be attached to the operating stanchion, which is located at
centre of centre platform. The folding conductor seats to be fastened with bolts.
Car Builder to furnish and install two Stationary Saddle type of seats, one for each end of
car, to be located in the motorman's cab.
11. INSIDE FINISH
The inside finish of car to be of CHERRY including all sash, doors and mouldings, stained
MAHOGANY. All mouldings to be of plain design so as not to catch the dust or what is commonly
known as "SANITARY FINISH".
Advertising mouldings to be provided on each side of both compartments and these to be
arranged to take 11" advertising cards.
Ceiling to be of 1/4" PANELITE painted light green and back of PANELITE to be well painted
before being placed in position.
The side linings of car below windows to be of PANELITE.
Each side window of car to be provided with pantasote curtains mounted on Curtain Supply Co's
#48 ring fixtures with REX all metal rollers one inch in diameter.
Car Builder to furnish and install pantasote curtains for the door of motorman's cab and also
for the window in motorman's cab, to the left of motorman.
13. TROLLEY BOARDS
Trolley boards to be placed on the outside of roof, to extend the full length of roof and
trolley boards to be of yellow pine and boards to rest on ribs laid in white lead.
Trolley boards to be arranged for the reception of two trolley bases per car. Care to be
exercised in applying the trolley board brackets, so that the screws do not come in contact
with the steel roof carlines.
Car Builder to furnish and install in each motorman's cab, one 12 inch Brill Patented DEDENDA
pedal alarm gong, the lug on the gong plunger to be omitted.
Vertical stanchions of 1-1/4" pipe and 1" horizontal railings are to be provided, extending on
a line even with the centre of conductor's station and the horizontal railings to be arranged
portable to form a barrier on the opposite side of centre entrance. Stanchions to be of the
ELCON enamel material with brass fittings on the hinged sections.
General arrangement of stanchions and railings to be like on last cars furnished Railway
Company, Brill order 22045.
Stop stanchions to be located the same as on the last cars built for Railway Company, ie
Brill order 22045, ie 1 inch further towards centre of car than on the cars of 20896.
Car builder to furnish and install at each end of car the Ohio Brass Company's "TOMLINSON"
Type A form 8 coupler with drum switch. Height from rail to centre of coupler 28-1/4 ins.
Car Builder to furnish and install two KEYSTONE illuminated signs per car, these signs to be
installed at diagonal right hand corners of car, located above the right hand vestibule sash.
Lettering for sign curtains to be specified by Railway Co.
Car Builder to furnish and install at each end of car the Railway Company's standard pilot, as
shown on Brill Print 17-J-895.
Car Builder to furnish and install FOUR galvanized sand boxes per car, located two at each end
of car. Sand traps to consist of 2" X 1-1/2" X 1" X 1" crosses directly connected to bottom
of hopper. The air supply pipe to be 3/8" in diameter to be connected to cross and to extend
to the further most wall in order to prevent sand from blowing back into the hopper. Air
valve for operation of sand trap to be installed immediately over the air brake engineer's
valve handles and piped to sand traps. Car Builder to provide a hose running straight from
truck to rail so sand pipe will follow the rail at all times and the connection to truck frame
arranged for easy removal.
Car Builder to furnish and install in each of the motorman's cabs, the National staffless
brake complete with 20" vertical brake wheel. Horizontal levers on trucks and body brake rods
to conform to those supplied on last cars built for Railway Company ie Brill order 22045.
All trimmings to be used on interior of car to be of BRONZE metal.
Car Builder to furnish and install twenty (20) double coil truss plank heaters and one four
coil heater in each motorman's cab. Heaters to be of the Consolidated Car Heating Company's
Car Builder to furnish and install two EARLL No. 5A trolley retrievers per car, one to be
located at each end of car.
Car Builder to furnish and install two INTERNATIONAL R-10 single registers per car, one for
CASH and one for TICKETS and these to be located on bulkhead, one on each side of the
longitudinal centre line of car. Car builder to furnish and install register rod to be placed
down centre of car, complete with double pulls and arranged for operation from conductor's
station and also from interior of each compartment. Register rod bushings to be of the same length as those used in last ten cars built for Railway Company.
Car Builder to furnish and install the SIMPLEX car jack in each car.
Triple steps to be provided at diagonal right hand corners of car. Steps to be provided their
full length with a 3" strip of FERALUN safety tread, let in flush with top of step treads.
Height from rail to top of 1st step 13-7/8"; from top of 1st step to top of second step
10-1/8"; height from top of second step to top of third stop 10-l/8". Top of 3rd step to
Double steps to be provided on each side of the centre entrance, the upper
step to be stationary and the lower step to raise and lower in conjunction with the operation
of the centre sliding doors. Step arrangement to be as shown on Brill Blue Print 11-L-757-A;
step heights 16-1/4"; 13 ins. and 11 ins. Step hinges to be reinforced to prevent spring of
Triple steps at diagonal right hand corners of car to be provided with EDWARDS trap doors and
width of these steps to be the standard of Railway Company. The width of the second step going
out of the car to be increased either 1" or 2", at option of Car Builder (same as was done on
last cars built Brill Order 22045)
The stationary step at centre entrance on each side, as also the triple steps at diagonal
right hand corners of car to be provided their full length with a 3" strip of FERALUN safety
tread let in flush with top of step tread.
The folding step on each side of car at centre entrance to be provided with KASS safety
treads. The folding steps to be made of 7/8" thick white oak.
At each end of car, at diagonal right hand corners, Car Builder to furnish and install
suitable motorman's steps and roof mats.
27. MOTORMAN'S CAB
A motorman's cab is to be provided at diagonal right hand corners of car, and the cab in back
of motorman to be sheathed entirely up without glass. A swing door and window to be located
on the left hand side of each cab, and the upper portion of the swing door, as also the
window, to be glazed with double strength American glass.
28. MARKER LIGHTS
Car Builder to furnish and install four A. & W. electric marker lights for each car, and these
to be installed, one on each side of vestibule corner posts.
29. WINDOW RODS
Car Builder to furnish and install four sets of three bronze window rods on the inside of
lining sash covering door pockets at centre doorway.
Car Builder to furnish and install bronze window rods on the inside of the swing doors in
30. SIGNAL BELLS
Car Builder to furnish and install a Brill bronze conductor signal bell under each hood and
with 1/4" leather bell cord down centre of car to conductor's station, supported by eyelets
at bottom of register rod brackets, with grips hanging down for the conductor.
31. HAND STRAPS
Four hand straps to be provided over each longitudinal seat next to centre entrance.
Hand straps to be what is known as METALLIC SANITARY hand straps of the RICO #5 type. Hand
straps to be complete with the necessary supports and to be of the same character as those
installed in the last oars built for Railway Company.
32. SIGNAL SYSTEM
Car Builder to furnish and install an electric bell, the push button system to be used when
the cars are coupled in trains, so that the Conductor in one car can signal the Conductor in
the other cur from centre platform, the motorman however not to be signaled by this electric
bell system. Electric Service Supplies Company's material to be used in connection with the
electric bell system.
33. END DOORS
At diagonal right hand corners of car at motorman's cab, there shall be provided a doorway for
the motorman and this doorway to be enclosed by a sliding door pneumatically operated and
this door to be operated from the motorman's position. Lower portion of door to be paneled and
upper portion to be glazed with double strength American glass. Below these doors shall be
provided triple steps and EDWARDS trap doors as called for under STEPS.
34. SAFETY CONNECTION
Car Builder to furnish and install at each corner of car at bumper, a spring 18" long, 1-1/2"
outside diameter, 3/16" steel with hook at each end, one end to be attached to the bumper, the
other end to have a harness snap. A hole is to be located in top flange of bumper about 5" in
from side of car, to hold this safety chain.
35. WINDOW CLEANERS
Car Builder to furnish and install two DAYTON window cleaners per car, to be located in the
upper left hand corner of the centre vestibule sash at each end of car.
Car Builder to furnish and install the GOLDEN GLOW type RR 128 headlight at each end of car
with crystal mirror and dimming attachments.
Car bodies to be painted, lettered and numbered the same as the last ten cars built for
38. ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
Cars to be equipped with a four motor equipment of G. E. 203-L motors and each equipment to
consist of the following;
4-GE-203-L motors with heat treated hardened gears and pinions, gear covered axle linings and
2-C-97 Master Controllers
1-MS-46 switch with fuses
1-SB-22-48 Contactor boxes containing DB-260 contactors, interlocks, reverser relay and cutout
35-10 wire train cable
55-12 wire train cable
2-BJ 352 connection boxes
1000 ft. 19/25 cable
1-Set of RG resistors with bolt insulators
2-Cat. 21624 reactor-cores
2-DA-71-B coupler sockets
2-DC-47-C coupler plugs
24- 12 wire jumper cable.
5-Pounds of Compound
1-300 amp, QC 2 switch
1-MA-13 fuse box with fuse.
150 ft. #0 cable
405 ft. #6 cable
80 ft, #3 cable
1-Aluminum cell lightning arrester
20-Motor Lead connectors
1-BJ-386 distributing box
17-Bell mouths with gaskets
1-ME-67 field tapper
2-DA-33 coupler sockets
2-DC-28 coupler plugs
105 ft. #0 cable.
8 ft. 550/25 jumper cable
1-MA-13 Fuse box with fuse
2-Shelby 11 ft. 6" Trolley poles complete with #6 Bayonet harps and 6" wheels.
Car Builder to furnish and install all necessary hangers, rods, etc, in order to make the
electrical equipment installation complete and ready for operation. Greenfield flexible
conduit to be used in place of pipe for bus line from coupler to junction box. Railway
Company to furnish and Car Builder to install the electrical equipment.
The lighting material with fixtures and compensators to be furnished and installed by Car
Builder. Heat and light switches to be placed in a convenient space over centre doorway and
not to be placed in a cabinet. Lighting arrangement to be in accordance with Brill Blue Print
40. AIR BRAKES
Each car to be equipped with the G. E. straight air brake equipment, each equipment to consist
of the following; the air brake equipment to be complete with emergency feature.
1-CP-28-D Motor driven air compressor having a piston displacement of 25 cubic feet of free
air per minute when operating on 600 volts against a reservoir pressure of 90 lbs. per square
1-type ML Form A air compressor governor complete with insulating connection 1-1/2" safety valve.
2-type S, form E6 motorman's valves
1-Motorman's valve handle
2-Single hand pressure gauges
1-Combined switch and fuse
2-3/4" exhaust mufflers
1-10" X 12" straight air brake cylinder complete with push rod.
1-type E, form J-6 emergency valve
1-Conductor's emergency air valve
1-3/4" check valve
1-3/8" union with choke
BRAKE PIPE ATTACHMENTS
2-3/4" cutout cocks
2-3/4" X 22" draw bar hose and connections
EMERGENCY PIPE ATTACHMENTS
2-3/4" cutout cocks
2-3/4" X 22" draw bar hose & connections
MAIN RESERVOIRS AND ACCESSORIES
2-16" x 33" main reservoirs
4-16" reservoir hangers
2-1/2" drain cocks
2-Form G-1 Whistles
2-1/2" whistle valves
2-1/4" cutout cocks
Car Builder to furnish and install all necessary piping, rods, levers, hangers, etc, in order
to make the air brake installation complete. Air compressors to be hung at the same heighth as
on the last cars built for Railway Company. Channel shaped wear plates to be placed between
upper portion of brake jaw and horizontal lever. Rods for cut out cocks to be operative from
either side of car. Lever for operating drum switch to be clamped and pinned to this rod.
Railway Company to furnish and Car Builder to install the air brakes.
Car bodies to be arranged to be mounted on Brill Patented #27 MCB 2 X trucks with 6 ft. 1"
wheel base, 33" Midvale rolled steel wheels, with 3-1/2" tread and 7/8" X 1-3/16" flange.
Axles to be in according with the A. S. T. M. specification A-20-21 annealed and to be 5"
diameter at motor bearing, 6" at gear seat, 5-15/16" at wheel seat and axles arranged for
the G. E. 203-L motor, two per truck. Journals to be 4-1/4" X 8" MCB Gauge of track 5 ft.
2-1/4". Wheel gauge 5 ft. 2".
Trucks to be provided with the Brill standard centre and side bearings, Brill cast steel
bolsters, Brill semi-steel journal boxes, Brill bolster guide arrangement and graduated spring
Angle brackets on side of shoe holders to be the same as on last trucks furnished the Railway
Company, as also the cast steel bolsters. Brake pins to be 1-1/8" diameter and bushings for
same to be l-5/32" inside diameter before being case hardened. Radius of shortest curve 50 ft.
when coupled together and 35 ft. when running single.
Trucks to be identically the same as were furnished under the last ten cars built for Railway
Company. The two lower bolts on each motor for connecting bar to motor to be 3" long with
spring washers and thin nuts; the other bolts to be the G. E. standard.
42. CONDUCTOR CASH BOX
Car builder to furnish and install one conductor steel cash box complete with lock as per
sample to be submitted.